Educational psychology is a branch of psychology concerned was the scientific study of human learning. The study of learning processes from both cognitive and behavioral perspectives allows researchers to understand individual differences in intelligence cognitive development affect motivation self-regulation and self-concept. As well as their role in learning the field of educational psychology relies heavily on quantitative methods including testing and measurement to enhance educational activities related to instructional design, classroom management assessment, which serve to facilitate learning processes in various educational settings.
Across the lifespan of educational psychology can in part be understood through its relationship with other disciplines it is informed primarily by psychology bearing a relationship to that discipline analogous to the relationship between medicine and biology.
It is also informed by neuroscience educational psychology, in turn, informs a wide range of specialties within educational studies including instructional design, educational technology, curriculum development, organizational learning, special education, and classroom management. Educational psychology both draws from and contributes to cognitive science and the learning sciences in universities.
Departments of educational psychology are usually housed within faculties of Education. Possibly accounting for the lack of representation of educational psychology content in introductory psychology textbooks. The field of Educational psychology involves a study of memory conceptual processes and individual differences via cognitive psychology in conceptualizing new strategies for learning processes in humans. Educational psychology has been built upon theories of operant conditioning functionalism, structuralism, constructivism, humanistic psychology, Gestalt psychology, and information processing.
Educational psychology has seen rapid growth and development as a profession in the last 20 years. School psychology began with the concept of intelligence testing leading to provisions for special education. Students who could not follow the regular classroom curriculum in the early part of the 20th century. However, school psychology itself has built a fairly new profession based upon the practices and theories of several psychologists. Among many different fields are educational psychologists working side by side with psychiatrists, social workers, teachers’ speech, and language therapists & counselors. An attempt to understand the questions being raised when combining behavioral cognitive and social psychology in the classroom setting.